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Local 5 - weareiowa.com | Des Moines Local News & Weather | Des Moines, Iowa

VERIFY: No, increased coronavirus testing does not account for rise in Iowa cases on its own

The claim that COVID-19 cases are going up only because testing is going up is misleading. Here's why.

DES MOINES, Iowa — More than 80,000 Iowans have tested positive for the coronavirus since Nov. 1, nearly doubling the amount of cases reported in October.

But many people, including President Donald Trump, have claimed the reason why cases are increasing is due to high levels of testing.

Let's Verify:

QUESTION

Are COVID cases only going up because testing rates are going up?

ANSWER

No. Cases in Iowa (and the country) are increasing faster than testing, and test positivity rates are also increasing rapidly. 

SOURCES

PROCESS:

The president has tweeted several times about how an increase in testing leads to an increase in cases. He's also brought the topic up at rallies, like in New Hampshire in late October. 

However, the data doesn't back up Trump's claims. 

Local 5's Verify team gathered data from the Iowa Department of Public Health's COVID-19 website to analyze Iowa's coronavirus data. The data was pulled from the website at approximately 2:11 p.m. on Monday, Nov. 23. 

Following the same steps as fellow TEGNA station WUSA9, Local 5 first found the day-to-day percent change in new COVID-19 cases and new tests administered. 

Then, we found the 14-day average percentage changes of both and charted them against one another. 

While both cases and tests are increasing, cases have been increasing at a faster pace since late September. The dip at the end of the graph below is due to the state's live reporting of COVID-19 data. 

Credit: WOI
Changes in the 14-day averages of COVID-19 cases and total tests administered in Iowa from March 21, 2020 to November 23, 2020.

Here's a closer look at the data from Sept. 1 through Monday, Nov. 23.

Credit: WOI
Change in 14-day averages of COVID tests and cases for Iowa from Sept. 1, 2020 through Nov. 23, 2020. Data from IDPH.

Johns Hopkins University has a number of online tools that can be used to visualize testing data available to the public. The data on the site is most helpful when taken all together as a full picture, Dr. Amesh Adalja told WUSA9. 

"What you have to take into consideration is that it's not just the cases, you have to look at the percent positivity of tests," Adalja said. "So if you see a place where testing has gone up, but the percent positivity has gone up, that tells you that the outbreak is accelerating faster than testing." 

The percent positivity rate, the most important data to Adalja, shows the percentage of tests administered that come back positive. 

Data from Johns Hopkins and the IDPH shows percent positivity rate, or test positivity, is on the rise in Iowa. 

Credit: Johns Hopkins University & Medicine
Johns Hopkins utilized testing data from The COVID Tracking Project to chart this data. The data shows test positivity is on the rise in Iowa. Nov. 23, 2020.
Credit: Iowa Department of Public Health
Data from the Iowa Department of Public Health shows the steady increase in test positivity since the start of the pandemic. Nov. 23, 2020.

On Oct. 1, the seven-day average percent positivity of tests, according to Johns Hopkins, was 17.2%. The state's website reports a 14-day average of test positivity at 15% for Oct. 1. 

On Nov. 1, Johns Hopkins reported a 7-day average of 36.4% while the IDPH reported a 14-day average of 29%. 

"If cases were up just because of testing, you would not see the percent positivity go up as well," Adalja explained. "When the percent positivity is going up, it tells you not only are you testing more, but the virus is actually spreading more and not keeping pace with your testing." 

Local 5 can Verify that the increases in testing doesn't account for the rise in new cases in Iowa. Experts agree there is community spread happening which is driving cases to rise faster than tests.